Working Together: The Story of the ICC
A Brief History of the Inter-Cooperative Council- Part 1
By John Hopper, with additions by Jim Jones & Brian
During the United States' economic depression of the early nineteen thirties, the first cooperative house at
the University of Michigan was organized in 1932 by graduate students in the Student Socialist Club. A house was
rented on East Ann street, and Michigan Socialist House was founded. By buying as a group and doing their own work,
they cut room and board costs down to two dollars a week. They ran their house by democratic meetings, where every
member had an equal voice in the affairs of the house.
By 1941, there were 8 men's and 3 women's co-ops organized in rented houses on the U. of M. campus. With the
entrance of the U.S. into World War Two, a rental housing explosion occurred in Ann Arbor caused by the large number
of war factory workers temporarily settling in town. Developers and speculators bought up many of the big houses
that were suitable for co-ops. With rising rents and decreasing numbers of male students, only three co-ops survived
into 1946: Owen, Lester, and Michigan.
The Inter-Cooperative Council was started in 1937 as a coordinating body for the cooperatives, and in 1944 it
was incorporated as a non-profit organization. The first Board of Directors was organized, with the number of board
representatives from each house being proportionate to the size of the group. The first house was purchased in
that year: A. K. Stevens House, named in honor of the professor who co-signed
the loan. Shortly thereafter, another house was purchased for
Owen Co-op, which
had been previously rented. In 1946, a building was purchased and a new co-op began, named
In 1947, the building rented by the Michigan Socialist House on East Ann was sold, and the ICC purchased the house
at 315 North State as a permanent home for the newly re-named
Michigan Cooperative House.
In the years following World War Two, ICC functions were further centralized to satisfy legal requirements and
to limit the liability of the members. Titles to houses were held in common and with the centralization of finances
came the equalization of charges among members. The first ICC office was opened at
Owen Co-op. In 1948,
Nakamura was purchased, as was the first ICC
truck (for hauling garbage).
The centralization of the ICC coupled with concern over reduced membership levels related to the Korean War,
promoted the hiring of the first ICC employee. In the 1951, after an ICC-wide referendum, the hiring of a full-time
Executive Secretary was approved. On December 12th of that year, Luther H Buchele began working for the ICC. His
duties as Executive Secretary were corporate finances and accounting, advising committees, supervision of purchasing,
and carrying out Board directives. Buchele worked for the ICC for nearly 34 years, until his retirement in 1985.